To improve the relationship between members and to stimulate scientific partnerships, AIM decided to urge our members into creating specific Working Groups (WG). We hope those organised groups can serve to gather researchers according to their scientific interests and that this may result in new scientific proposals.
We also encourage WG to act as starting point for the submission of proposals for pre-constituted panels at AIM Annual Meetings. To join a WG, please go to the member's area. See also our FAQ in the bottom of this page.
Visual Digital Culture
Responsible: NOGUEIRA, Luís; ALVES, Marta Pinho;
This workgroup will address the different iterations of visual culture in digital contexts and the miscegenation of different visual regimes and practices of the gaze. We are interested as much in the ruptures as we are in the continuities brought upon by the transformations in the production, circulation, and appropriation of visual culture, such as those introduced by the Web 2.0, digital cinema, and the small screen media that connect the private and public spheres on a daily basis. We privilege historiographical, cultural, and aesthetic researches of the relations between the different visual regimes such as the cinematic, the televisual, or the artistic. We pay special attention to the theories of intermediality as a way to cross fertilize knowledge about "new" and "old" media and we summon the contributions of film studies, media theory, art history and art theory, to research digital visual culture.
History of Portuguese Cinema
Responsible: RIBAS, Daniel; BENIS, Rita;
O principal desafio da investigação atual sobre cinema português passa por discutir alguns dos dogmas e das histórias do cinema português dos últimos cinquenta anos. Aplicando os princípios das práticas elementares da investigação científica, este Grupo de Trabalho pretende agregar investigações várias, de diversos domínios científicos, procurando construir um corpus histórico que tenha em conta todas as dimensões – política, económica, social, técnica, produtiva e cultural – do cinema português. Este processo impõe também, como uma das prioridades científicas, a análise comparativa da história do cinema português com as histórias particulares de outras cinematografias, procurando identificar problemáticas transversais e evitando os problemas decorrentes do essencialismo da questão nacional. Considera-se prioritário (mas não exclusivo) o estudo desta história a partir do novo cinema português nos anos 60 até aos anos 90. É, pois, objetivo deste Grupo apoiar e estimular a realização de seminários e encontros que possam discutir e trabalhar para uma nova história do cinema português, procurando analisar e detalhar aspetos menos conhecidos ou ignorados no cinema português e procurando novas abordagens científicas.
Cinemas in Portuguese
Responsible: CRUZ, Jorge Luiz; VIEIRA, Sílvia; MENDONÇA, Leandro;
O Grupo de Trabalho de Cinemas em Português tem como objetivo agregar investigadores interessados nas cinematografias da diáspora portuguesa, brasileira e dos países africanos. Pretende realizar a recolha destas cinematografias seja o campo da ficção seja no documental com objetivo da realização de análises de fundo histórico e estético. Propõe-se também a promover atividades culturais, curatorias e editoriais que se coadunem com os objetivos das investigações conduzidas pelos participantes. Os processos de pesquisa tem o viés da busca de fontes históricas que permitam não só o conhecimento do conjunto cinematográfico em tela mas também propiciar análises comparativas entre as várias cinematografias envolvidas. Utiliza-se como recorte temporal inicial, sem prejuízo de outros que possam também fazer parte de pesquisas do grupo, o período compreendido do fim da primeira grande guerra europeia aos dias de hoje, latu sensu, o século 20. A diretiva aqui é entender os processos de continuidade/descontinuidade enfrentados pelos territórios e, por conseguinte, com a produção cinematográfica. Por fim, o grupo tem como esteio a perceção sobre a necessidade de criar um espaço de entrecruzamento das pesquisas sobre o campo do cinema colonial/pós-colonial que se articule com os trabalhos com respeito ao cinema português e brasileiro.
Landscape and Cinema
Responsible: VILLARMEA ÁLVAREZ, Iván; ROSÁRIO, Filipa; RIBEIRO, Ana Costa;
The aim of this workgroup is to develop research lines addressing the dialogical study of landscape in fiction and documentary film. Landscape is the outcome of human interpretation, because, despite being built in space (condition), it is always an image of a particular time (theme). Cinema records its appearance over time, thereby offering environmental images that can be interpreted as testimonies of the historical perception of places. Accordingly, this workgroup is interested in all those formal and mise-en-scène strategies used in the construction of filmic space, paying particular attention to the objective and subjective temporalities recalled by these strategies. We will adopt an architectural and geographical approach to discuss the representation of urban, rural and middle landscapes, as well as the socio-historical transformations of these spaces. Furthermore, our research interests also include the cinematic aestheticization of landscape and its symbolic place in national cinemas, auteur theory and film genres.
Responsible: SAMPAIO, Sofia; SCHEFER, Raquel; BLANK, Thaís;
O grupo propõe-se a refletir sobre os 'outros filmes', i.e. os filmes que as histórias de cinema canónicas (centradas no filme de autor, na ficção e em formatos de longa metragem) têm sistematicamente excluído, e que constituem a maior parte da produção cinematográfica mundial. Entre eles, encontramos o filme de 'utilidade' (industrial, turístico, didático, publicitário), o filme amador e doméstico, várias curtas e médias-metragens de difícil classificação, e os chamados filmes 'efémeros' e filmes 'órfãos'. Em vez do cânone, o enfoque deste grupo de pesquisa é o arquivo, que convoca toda uma série distinta de questões. Como se constitui um arquivo de imagens em movimento? Que problemas e problemáticas suscita, em termos teóricos, e como podem ser investigados? Qual a relação entre o arquivo e a criação de novos filmes? Como é que as 'velhas' imagens são incorporadas em 'novos' filmes e para que fins? Quais os critérios de seleção e montagem, e quais os efeitos (alguns não intencionais) destas 'migrações', 'desarticulações' e 'rearticulações'? Por fim, como desenvolver e aplicar teorias e metodologias que nos ajudem a investigar esta gama de problemas? Contributos vindos de áreas como os estudos de cinema e arte, os estudos culturais, a história, os estudos de memória e a antropologia visual serão bem vindos.
Responsible: PENAFRIA, Manuela; GRAÇA, André Rui; BELLO, Maria do Rosário Lupi;
The main goal of the GT "Filmmaker’s theory" is to bring together cinema theory and the theoretical reflection coming from the filmmakers in their endeavor to understand either their own artwork or cinema itself. We intend to stimulate a cinema theory whose fundamental reference and main sources are the films and both oral and written manifestations of the filmmakers. On the one hand, we understand that the most important sources to develop and expand cinema theory are the direct ones, namely the films, interviews, books or texts written by the filmmakers. On the other hand, filmmaker is a concept that covers not only the director but also whoever presents a valuable contribution to the cinematographic art like actors, screenwriters, cinematographers, etc. The purpose of studying cinema searching for filmmakers support is in itself an alternative to classical and recent cinema theory that usually has gone to seek other disciplines as support. We intend to rise up and test the novelty and originality of a theoretical study that works closely with the filmmaker’s reflection.
Responsible: PALINHOS, Jorge; CASTRO, Maria Guilhermina; CHINITA, Fátima;
Narrative always had, since the beginning of time, great importance for the existence of human beings and the life of societies. In its most basic meaning, narrative presupposes the evolution from one state (a beginning) to another (an end), a transition which occurs in time and is acted by someone (author, narrator, character) or something (camera, the film itself) (Jost and Gaudreault, 1990). This does not necessarily imply any measure of “truthfulness”. In the field of narratology (e.g. Gérard Genette), the act of narrating / enunciating is known as “storytelling”, and the content of the narrative / enunciation is the “story” [told]. AIM’s work group Audiovisual Narratives takes up the study of narrative content and form in all kinds of products and by all audio-visual processes, composed of images as well as sounds (together or separately), disseminated throughout all means, and for all types of audience. The sub-fields of literature, publicity, psychology, journalistic media, and the relationship with other art forms are considered relevant for this purpose, as long as presentations stick to narratologically-based form and content, as well as the narrative process and its outcome. We are looking for innovative proposals, original theories, creative film analysis and, of course, subject matter for long-lasting quality reflexion.
Cinema and the Other Arts
Responsible: ARAÚJO, Nelson; OLIVEIRA, Anabela Branco; FATORELLI, Antonio;
This work group seeks to gather research on artistic manifestations which deal with the relationship between cinema and other arts. There is a bidirectional dynamics in the object that is being studied insofar as, in this area, aesthetic processes occur in transmutation, in the cinematic discourse of the various arts and, in the opposite direction, in the presence of cinema in other arts. By identifying other artistic manifestations in the work of movie authors and by looking into the inevitability of cinema in the artist’s aesthetic memory, this research path wishes to define creative act as film reflection material, signal interpretation possibilities that are part of the dialogic confrontation, theorise about creative attitudes and systematise discourse transformations. Want also to reflect on the boundaries between genres and on the inter- institutional exchange of art production today, especially that involving the visual arts, still images and moving pictures. Through theoretical constructs and analysis of multiple artistic manifestations, it is expected that the identity paths of each art will be identified in the course of their dialogic process with cinema. This research field, which is particularly useful for film studies, finds methodological processes capable of structuring the scientific discourse in the operational possibilities of intertextuality and in the dialogic quality of artistic creation. Research legitimacy of such subjects as art theory and criticism, art history and art sociology, as well as studies in other artistic fields like architecture, theater, photography, plastic arts and, of course, cinema is acknowledged. Covers various questions about the relationship between art and cinema, including especially the avant-garde cinema, engaged or experimental, video art, expanded cinema, activism, the cinema of artist and installation. Production of knowledge in the artistic extraction in and of film within artistic manifestations is possible at any given moment of the history of cinema, which maximises our time span.
Cinema and Education
Responsible: MENDES, Elsa Maria Carneiro; MOREIRA, J. António; ALVES, Pedro;
The main purpose of the Working Group "Cinema and Education" is to promote ideas and research proposals that study, analyse and produce resources and pedagogical applications of Cinema in an educational context. It is considered essential to study the inclusion of Cinema in policies, programs, models and teaching methodologies. Cinema can become a fruitful mechanism for the training and development of students, channelling the huge pragmatic-filmic potential of informal learning through formal programs, which have both pedagogical use and positioning. The presence of Cinema in educational institutions can also contribute to the creation of new Cinema audiences (not only of students, but also of an extended school community), capable of going beyond consumption and an interest in the so-called "commercial" films and also understand, interpret and appreciate other types of cinematography. Among these are, of course, the presence and appreciation of Portuguese Cinema amid these audiences, which will enhance the classroom space (both real and virtual) and its educational contexts and become important dynamos for the dissemination and knowledge of both past, present and future national Cinema.
Post colonial and outer cinemas
Responsible: CUNHA, Paulo; SALES, Michelle; LEROUX, Liliane;
The GT presented here is interested in the discussion of emerging cinemas in postcolonial contexts, many of which are the margins of national cinematography, usually in urban peripheries. By deepening the debate about the presence of "peripheries and margins" in postcolonial and outer cinemas around the world, in addition to conceptually organizing and systematizing a postcolonial cinema, we want to move in the direction that has presented itself as the most fundamental for these cinematographies: the image as representation and (more recently) as self-presentation in the cinema realized in the margins and peripheries of the world. We are interested in the critical revision of hegemonic and eurocentric forms and representations, as well as the social, cultural and artistic movements that have promoted the emergence of marginal artists in the film and art market, imposing images and other representations, as well as the production of artists from the diaspora , and the collective production of minority political groups. In Europe and the United States, this movement is accompanied by the emergence of voices, usually immigrants from ex-colonies as well as from social movements whose artistic power has been able to assert sensitivities in a growing wave of questioning of imperial molds and global aspects of contemporary life. In African countries, where the image was used as an instrument of colonial domination, an anti-colonial and denouncing cinema emerges, which continues to expand in terms of genres and themes. In Latin America, especially in Brazil, the representation of places and cultures is assumed by the groups themselves. Indigenous filmmakers are emerging and film collectives emerge in favelas and peripheries. Within this panorama, we want to discuss who are the artists and peripheral groups that are emerging in contemporary cinema and the visual arts, imposing a new agenda for the production of images in general, able to discuss the forms of invisibility and forgetfulness with respect to the ancient and recent modes of exclusion and re- colonisation.
Cinema and Materiality
Responsible: CUCINOTTA, Caterina; MORAIS, Ana Bela; SOUZA, Nívea Faria;
Starting from a literary studies approach explicitly focused on the domains of materialities and communication, and media studies, the term Materialities, when applied to cinema, convokes the different elements (or areas) which interact in the materialisation of a film project: choice of recording support, art direction, costumes, sound and light. Consequently, it considers the different professionals across these areas who, giving preference to certain options to the detriment of others and employing their specific practices, interfere directly with the film’s conception, transforming and helping materialise fisically the initial concept into the final work, and favouring a certain aesthetic intellection of it. The aim of this Work Group is to complement existing theoretical investigation on cinema with the researching of the material, physical and industrial dimensions at the heart of every film project; promoting debate about the communicative and expressive power inscribed in the many elements that comprise and harmonise an oeuvre; apprehending filmmaking as a complex process partitioned between specific teams, which contributes towards a final work that is inevitably “inter-artistic”, since a wide range of arts and crafts collaborates in the construction of the cinematic object. Rather than focusing on the analysis of the numerous cinematographic codes, on what they enclose and signify, a materialities methodology seeks to isolate each material dimension in its specificity, with a view to examining its function in the construction of the object “film”. The celluloid’s physical qualities, the forms. Textures and lines of costumes and the scenography, the composing in interior and exterior settings, the work on sound and the acoustics: the entire final abstraction we call a Film is based upon a set of concrete and material realities, transforming itself in the study object. Accordingly, this presupposes the “disassembling” of every component at the heart of all “practical” structuring of the film to treat individual piece as an object worthy of analysis and study. When António Reis referred to “the Aesthetics of materials” (1997) he meant the rigor in choosing the physical elements that compose the cinematographic frame and all the consequences that these options produce. Thus, words like “crafts”, “composition”, “materialisation”, “artefact” become decisive when trying to define this research object which fails to entirely coincide with both narrative and visual matter, and instead concurs with forms, cuts, materials, and the styles proposed by the several professional teams involved in the creative materialities process. The definition of filmmaking as “a tailor’s work in progress” propounds the idea of craft-in-itself, as if the film could be conceived as a mass which is mouldable into sculpture; made out of shapeless cloths that can be shaped into garments; of sounds’ block that can be organised into music, voices and silences; of lights captured by the tape that can lighten and darken.
Cinema, Sound, Music and Language
Responsible: RUIZ, Carlos ; Faleiro Rodrigues, Érica; CAPELLER, Ivan;
The workgroup Cinema, Sound, Music and Language researches the relationship between the sonic elements in film and the moving image. Its main research goal is the subversion of subject area hierarchies, with the aim of exploring, developing and expanding the investigation of all sonic forms as these interrelate with the moving image and the archive. It seeks to promote the multiplication and diversification of perspectives grounded on the exploration and analysis of the myriad flows between sound and moving image, encompassing, as a language, the whole spectrum of human voice. It aims to articulate contemporary moving image theory with sound studies, exploring questions pertaining to the presence or absence of sound in the moving image, to discuss the ontological and phenomenological problems arising from the relationship between sound theory and practice and moving image theory and practice. The limits proposed by this group comprise different social, artistic and technological contexts, encompassing various questions pertaining to the relationship between sound and moving image, from pre-cinema to the so- called classical models, the avantgarde (mainstream and experimental), the film-concert, the musical film genre, video art, expanded cinema or any other type of audio-visual moving image device. Observing a film-orientated sound studies methodology, the WG’s objective is to map the political, cultural and social context around audio-visual creation devices, through the study of specific cases (from film archives to current digital formats), seen as technical devices for the recording and control of collective memory; thus allowing for a clearer understanding of the roles sound, music and language play in these semiotic games between seeing and hearing, and the interplay of images and sounds so widespread in our contemporary culture.
How do I create a workgroup?
Any member should access his Member's area, and on the form proposed himself as coordinator of a workgroup and present a brief description, but objective, in Portuguese and English. Each workgroup should be proposed by three coordinators. The proposal will be sent to two or three members of the Advisory Board to issue an opinion from which the AIM's Board decide whether to endorse. Once approved the workgroup, this will be listed in the open area of the site and any member may join the group. It is for the coordinators to manage communication with the other members of the workgroup. The coordinators will submit activity reports and activity plans at the General Assembly of AIM.
How to be added to the workgroups?
Any active member may join any existing workgroup on AIM. This requires access to the member's area, look for the workgroup and add up. The operation of each group is of the coordinators responsability.
Any questions or suggestions write to email@example.com.